Tuesday, July 25, 2017 - 06:31 am UTC



Last Updated: September 23rd, 2016

CrethiPlethi.com is a website owned and operated by the Middle East Affairs Information Center (MEAIC), a Dutch-based non-profit organization. Please read this User Agreement before using our website.

These Terms and Conditions of Use (these “Terms”) apply to CrethiPlethi.com (this “Website”) and all documents, data and services presented therein (collectively, the “Services”). Certain sections and pages of this Website may contain separate terms and conditions (e.g. Comment Rules), which are in addition to these Terms. In the event of a conflict, the additional terms and conditions will govern for those sections or pages.

By continuing to use CrethiPlethi.com, you agree to abide by the conditions of this User Agreement. We reserve the right to change the terms of this User Agreement or to modify any features of this service at any time without notice to you, and you agree to be bound by such changes. Any changes to this User Agreement shall become a part of this User Agreement and shall apply as soon as they are posted. The most current version of the User Agreement can be viewed at any time at CrethiPlethi.com. We reserve the right not to be responsible for the information, completeness or quality, provided. Any liability claims regarding damage caused by the use of information from this website, regardless if it was incomplete or incorrect, will be rejected. CrethiPlethi.com reserves the right at any time and from time to time to modify or discontinue, temporarily or permanently, the service (or any part thereof) with or without notice. It is your responsibility to review this User Agreement prior to each use, and by continuing to use this website you agree to any changes in this User Agreement.

Links and Referrals

The links in CrethiPlethi.com are selected as ones to provide you with a broader perspective on Middle East Affairs, but nevertheless we cannot guarantee that the content and material on these websites always meet our requirements. Also linking to these websites doesn’t mean that we always or fully endorse all the material that is published on these sites. This also complies to links made by others in CrethiPlethi.com. Visitors should consult the other sites’ legal terms as CrethiPlethi.com has no control over information that is submitted to, or collected by, these other sites. We are not responsible for the availability or content of these websites, and you should direct any concerns regarding any external link directly to such site. CrethiPlethi.com will remove any links or content on this website which does not meet our requirements without further notice. Furthermore, we are not liable for any posts, comments or messages by users of this website.

Privacy and Cookie Policy

This Privacy and Cookie Policy is designed to assist you in understanding how we collect, use, retain and protect personally identifiable information you provide to us through our website, and to assist you in making informed decisions when using the website. At CrethiPlethi.com we appreciate your readership and value your personal privacy. We respect the personal nature of the information you provide us on our website and acknowledge the importance of protecting this information. The input of personal information by users on this website regards only names, IP addresses, URL’s and email addresses and are given voluntarily. The use of these personal information for marketing purposes is prohibited and will only be used by CrethiPlethi.com. Children (under 18s) are not eligible to use our services and should not submit any personal information to Crethiplethi.com.

CrethiPlethi.com does not actively track you as an individual. However, if you have chosen to send us an email via the contact form on this site, your name, email address and message will be emailed to us. This information will be kept private. We will store this information within our own email system so that we are able to contact you in reply to your message, or to send you our newsletter. If you comment on a blog post or web page on this site, then your name, email address, IP address and message will be stored in our website database and used to identify your comment. This makes your name, website address and comment viewable by the general public on the website, but your email address is not displayed on the website or shared with any third party.

In addition to personal information CrethiPlethi.com may also collect information that is in no way personally identifiable. This may include the type of browser you are using (e.g., Mozilla, Internet Explorer), the type of operating system you are using, (e.g., Microsoft Windows or Mac OS), and the domain name of your Internet service provider (e.g., America Online).

To enhance your experience with CrethiPlethi.com, our web pages may use cookie technology to understand site usage and are used to ensure proper running of this website. Cookies are only used to benefit the users of this website by helping us to improve your experience when browsing our site and to improve the content and offerings on our site. These cookies will not store personal identifiable information other than information about the use of this website by the users. None of the information we gather via cookies identifies you as an individual. It’s all entirely anonymous.

A cookie is a simple text file that is stored on your computer or mobile device by a website’s server and only that server will be able to retrieve or read the contents of that cookie. Each cookie is unique to your web browser. It will contain some anonymous information such as a unique identifier and the site name and some digits and numbers. It allows a website to remember things like your preferences or what’s in your shopping basket, either for the duration of your visit (using a ‘session cookie’) or for repeat visits (using a ‘persistent cookie’). Cookies may be set by the website you are visiting (‘first party cookies’) or they may be set by other websites who run content on the page you are viewing (‘third party cookies’). Other cookies we use are detailed below:

Cookie Type Duration Description
WordPress Persistent 1 year WordPress is the Content Management System (CMS) that runs this website. It uses cookies and is essential for proper website operation. There are cookies for logged in users and for commenters, so for most people it is not set at all. Users are those people who have registered an account with CrethiPlethi.com. The user cookies are set to expire two weeks from the time they are set. When you comment on our blog, you too get cookies stored on your computer. This is purely a convenience, so that you won’t need to re-type all your information again when you want to leave another comment. The commenter cookies are set to expire a little under one year from the time they’re set. User data is all anonymous.
Article Comments Persistent 1 year If you leave a comment on an article, then a cookie may be stored to ‘remember’ your email address for the next time a comment is submitted on the same page or blog post (should you choose the “Notify me of followup comments via e-mail” option).
Google Analytics Persistent 1 year Google Analytics uses cookies in order to provide meaningful reports about how many people visit our site, how visitors use our site, which country they are from, how many pages they visited, the time spend on our site, how fast our site loaded, and so on. However, these cookies do not collect personal data about our website visitors and is completely anonymous, it does not identify you as an individual in any way.
Google AdSense Persistent 1-6 years Google Adsense may use the DoubleClick cookie on our site to serve more relevant ads across the web and limit the number of times a given ad is shown to you. When you visit our website, view an ad, or click an ad supported by Google’s advertising services, it may set a cookie on your browser. This information helps Google deliver ads that are relevant to your interests, control the number of times you see a given ad, and measure the effectiveness of ad campaigns. This data is completely anonymous, it does not identify you as an individual in any way.
EU Cookie Info Persistent 1 year In the footer of each web page on this site you will see a message alerting you of our Privacy and Cookie Policy. We use a cookie to remember whether or not you’ve accepted our cookie policy. You can delete it by clicking this link. Note that this does NOT delete other cookies, it just deletes the EU cookie info that CrethiPlethi.com uses to remember if a visitor has closed the EU cookie info bar or not. User data is all anonymous.
Social Media Persistent 1-2 years Cookies set by other websites who run content on our website are known as third party cookies. For example Facebook sets cookies via our website if a visitor ‘likes’ one of our articles on our site, Twitter sets cookies if a visitor tweets one of our articles and YouTube sets cookies via our website when a visitor views an embedded video in one of our articles. Other social media buttons or plugins (such as Google+) also set cookies via our website when clicked by a visitor.
Adobe Flash Persistent 1 year Adobe Flash Player allows you to view and interact with SWF and FLV files (files that are read by Flash Player) created and published across the Internet using your browser or mobile device. It allows authors of SWF and FLV files and the websites hosting those files to use local shared objects (LSOs). LSOs can be used in a similar manner as cookies, and can be used for a variety of purposes such as keeping track of information you provided and remembering your preferences. If you have Adobe Flash Player installed on your computer, Flash Player can be set to reject or delete LSOs in the System Preferences on Mac OS X, in the Flash Player Control Panel on Windows®, or with the Flash Player management tools available on the Adobe website so that you can make your own choices about LSOs and other privacy issues.


We do not share your personal information or email address with third parties. Only if required by law or law enforcement authorities, we may provide personal information of users to these authorities, in order to prevent or investigate activities like threats, illegal activity or criminal intent.

CrethiPlethi.com uses best endeavour to safeguard the confidentiality of your personally identifiable information but we do not use encryption (such as SSL) or firewalls to further protect the information as it travels across the Internet. We do not believe that the personal information we collect warrants this level of security. It is important to be aware that there is no such thing as “perfect internet security”.

Once submitted, you cannot change or remove any comments you have shared on our website pages and/or posts. However, if you would like to have this information removed please contact us and we will do this for you. You should know that because of technical constraints, all information is never completely removed from our databases. Therefore, you should not expect that all of your personally identifiable information will be completely removed from our databases in response to your requests that it be removed. We will aim to remove all publicly-facing information. Please use the contact form on this site to contact us.

This Privacy and Cookie Policy may be revised or updated from time to time in line with website changes that may affect the personal information we gather about you. It is assumed that you accept such changes if you continue to use the site and services. If you do not accept such changes then you should stop using CrethiPlethi.com’s website and services

Terms of Use

All content posted or linked to on this service (including, without limitation, text, documents, photographs, graphics, video and audio content) appear as a non-profit (non-commercial) public service. The opinions expressed therein reflect the positions of the authors of the content and not necessarily of this website or it’s policies. Any data in the content are correct on the day of publication or in reference to the date quoted in the content. Furthermore, we are not liable for content, documents, bulletins or other publications (written) by the authors of the specific material.

Copyrights, Trademarks and other Intellectual Properties Laws

Unless otherwise stated, whether in this Website (in the materials contained herein or in separate subscription agreements relating to any of the Services), or by the authors or publishers of the specific content set forth in CrethiPlethi.com, all materials contained in this Website (including text, documents, reports, publications, data, database structures, software code, images, illustrations, graphs, charts, designs, icons and other elements comprising this service; collectively, the “Content”) are protected by copyrights, trademarks and/or other intellectual properties laws and are owned or controlled by CrethiPlethi.com or the party credited as the provider of the Content. Unless expressly permitted, no content may be shared, copied, reproduced, republished, uploaded, posted, entered into a database, displayed, performed, modified, create derivative works, transmitted or distributed or exploited in any way, provided, however, you may download, where specifically permitted, one copy of the reports and publications on any single computer for your personal use only, provided you keep intact all copyright and other notices. You may not store any of the Materials in any intranet, extranet or other electronic system that provides access to more than one person.

Without limiting the generality of the foregoing you may share some content (owned by CrethiPlethi.com) from this Website under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License, but you may not alter, transform or build on this work (Read the Rights and Usage section below). This is a human-readable summary of the Legal Code (Full License). Just as CrethiPlethi.com from time to time uses materials (and excerpts of materials) from other sources in order to support the (non-commercial) mission of this service, we respect the right of others to make “fair use” of the materials contained in CrethiPlethi.com; accordingly, you may excerpt and use materials set forth in CrethiPlethi.com, provided, that you must give the original author credit and such use must be for a non-commercial purpose only and not, for example, for re-sale. However, use of materials not owned by CrethiPlethi.com is governed by the terms of the end user license agreement that accompanies or is included with such materials and you should consult the other sites’ Terms of Use notices as CrethiPlethi.com has no control over copyright issues by these other sources. When an author (or publisher) states his material as copyrighted, than all rights are reserved by that author. Any duplication or use of these materials such as images, sound, media and text at other blogs or at other websites is subject to the individual policies of the authors and/or websites under which Legal Terms the material is first published. Please reffer to those for more information.

More Rights and Usage

Concerning the design and layout of this Website made by the designers of CrethiPlethi.com: Images and graphics art of this website are protected by copyrights, patents, trademarks, and other laws and may not be copied, downloaded or imitated in whole or in part. No logo, graphic, or image from this Website may be shared, copied, republished, distributed, altered, transformed, transmitted or build upon unless expressly permitted by CrethiPlethi.com or the owner thereof.

Articles (text, also excerpts and quotes from text) from the author (Crethi Plethi) of CrethiPlethi.com and exclusively written articles for CrethiPlethi.com may be copied, distributed and transmitted online or over any network, including, without limitation, a local area network, as long as full credit is given to the author and CrethiPlethi.com. A direct link to the post must be given. If you want to use material in a project (schoolproject or otherwise), please send us an email with additional information (see the Contact Us page). These rights of usage are for non-commercial use only; also Organizations and NGO’s may copy, distribute and transmit content from CrethiPlethi.com under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License, but you may not alter, transform or build on this work. This is a human-readable summary of the Legal Code (Full License). For any commercial use (re-sale), you must first obtain written permission from the author of CrethiPlethi.com before sharing or republishing its content. Requests to repost, syndicate or otherwise make use of our content should be made via the Contact page, with the subject note: “Request to republish CrethiPlethi content.”

Fair Use Notice

CrethiPlethi.com may contain copyrighted material (full or excerpted), the use of which may not (always) have been specifically authorized by the copyright owner or may be authorized or licensed for publication at this site only. Such material is made available by CrethiPlethi.com on a non-profit basis for educational purposes only, to advance understanding and discussion of Middle Eastern culture, democracy, diplomacy, economy, energy, history, human rights, religion, politics, security, (Islamic) terrorism and social justice issues. This constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material as provided for under U.S. Copyright Law (17 USC § 107) and in accordance with the provisions of Israel’s 2007 Copyright Law, the 2004 Supreme Court of Canada ruling and similar laws in other jurisdictions. For more information, see for example: Law.cornell.edu. If you wish to use copyrighted material from CrethiPlethi.com for purposes that go beyond “fair use,” you must obtain permission from the original copyright owner.


We are not responsible for the availability or content of other services that may be linked to this Service. Because we have no control over such services, you acknowledge and agree that we are not responsible for the availability of such external services, and that we do not endorse and are not responsible or liable for any content, accuracy, quality, advertising, products or other materials on or available from such services. You further acknowledge and agree that CrethiPlethi.com shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, goods or services available on or through such services.

Copyright Issues

CrethiPlethi.com intends not to use copyrighted material without permission for publication or/and for commercial purposes (read also our fair use notice). If anyone disagrees with the publishing of (copyrighted) material in CrethiPlethi.com, please Contact us. It is our policy to respond to copyright owners who believe material appearing on CrethiPlethi.com infringes their rights under applicable copyright law.

If you believe that something appearing on CrethiPlethi.com infringes your copyright, you may send us a notice requesting that it be removed, or access to it blocked. If you believe that such a notice has been wrongly filed against you, the United States Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”) lets you send us a counter-notice. Please review the DMCA’s requirements. If you need more consultation, we suggest that you ask a legal advisor before filing a notice or counter-notice. Be aware that there can be substantial penalties for false claims. To send notices or counter notices, please contact us via the Contact page.

Please note that all content on this site appear as a non-profit public service, we have no commercial purpose whatsoever with our services.

(Guest) Writers or/and Reader-Submitted Content

Writers or/and Readers are welcome to submit content. We may allow you, subject to our sole discretion, to post an article, blog or other content on the CrethiPlethi site. You submit any such content at your own discretion and risk, and we accept no responsibility for them. We do not necessarily endorse any such content. In submitting any such content, you acknowledge that you have the legal right to submit them, and that we have no obligation to pre-screen them or moderate them. You grant us the non-exclusive, unconditional, royalty-free and sublicensable right and license to use, copy, transmit, excerpt, publish, publicly display, perform, distribute, create derivative works of, tag, modify, adapt to other technologies, or make other use of such material at our discretion, including for related online and offline promotional use. We are not responsible for any submitted content and we reserve the right to remove or edit such content at our discretion. We accept no liability for any content submitted by writers or readers that is published by us or others. In addition, please read our Disclaimer on our Guest Writers page.

In submitting any content, you represent, warrant and covenant that the submitted content is not libelous, defamatory, abusive, obscene, racist, discriminate, inciteful, pornographic, illegal or offensive in any other way, and it does not violate or infringe on the copyright, trademark, privacy, moral or other rights of any person or entity. You may not submit any commercial material (such as solicitation of funds, for goods or services or advertising) without our express consent in each instance. You agree to indemnify CrethiPlethi.com and affiliates and their owners, staff and directors against any claims, liabilities and costs arising from content that you submit or any breach of this User Agreement. You agree to cooperate with us in the defense of any such claim, and agree that we may in our discretion assume the exclusive defense of such claim, subject to your indemnification obligations.

Legal Validity of this User Agreement

This User Agreement should be seen as part of international law, dutch copyright law, internet law and intellectual property law (copyright, trademark). The provisions of this User Agreement are intended to be severable. If any section or sections, individual terms, conditions or parts of individual terms of this User Agreement are unlawful, void, incomplete, incorrect, or for any reason unenforceable, then that provision shall be deemed severed from this User Agreement and the content or validity and enforceability of the remaining sections or individual terms, conditions or parts remain uninfluenced by this fact.


Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, this User Agreement and all claims hereunder shall be governed by the internal laws of the Netherlands, without reference to the conflict of laws provisions thereof. You agree that any dispute relating to CrethiPlethi.com, Services or this User Agreement shall be adjudicated exclusively in the applicable courts located in Lelystad, the Netherlands, provided that the foregoing shall not prevent CrethiPlethi (or its owners) from seeking injunctive or equitable relief in any court of competent jurisdiction. You irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of such courts.

This User Agreement may be terminated by this website or its owners for any reason at any time.

CrethiPlethi.com — Middle East Affairs Information Center (MEAIC) — User Agreement (please print this page if you want to have a copy of this User Agreement)

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You are welcome to leave comments and join the discussion at our Blog section.

We welcome honest, intelligent, thoughtful and senseful comments which add to the discussion. You can criticize ideas, and you can criticize people who hold those ideas, but you cannot insult people on the basis of race, religion, national origin, or ethnicity. Avoid tu quoque (logical fallacy) and ad hominem (personal) attacks; don’t insult, curse, threaten or discriminate in any way or post libelous, defamatory, abusive or hateful comments.

This website features articles in English and Dutch, so all comments must be written in harmony with the articles’ language — either English or Dutch. Any comments written in a language other than English or Dutch will be removed without further notice. Discussion and debate are great, that’s why we don’t allow single-sentence comments without any intelligent and thoughtful arguments.

Keep your comments and discussions on topic, which means relevant to each topic and avoid multiple topic posts. Don’t include links to websites and videos not associated with the topic. Don’t solicit anyone to buy or sell products or services, or to make donations of any kind.

CrethiPlethi reserves the right to monitor posted content, edit reader comments or remove any post at its sole discretion without your knowledge or consent. We also reserves the right to block users, who violates our comment rules, from posting reader comments. If you can’t live with these rules, please don’t comment. It’s to our judgement whether a comment complies with the comment rules.

In addition to these rules you also agree to our User Agreement. Please contact us if you want more information.

Quotes and Sayings

About the Region, Islam and cultural totalitarianism...

    During times of universal deceit, telling the truth becomes a revolutionary act.

    — Misattributed to George Orwell, As quoted in My Few Wise Words of Wisdom’ (2000) by Charles Walker

Weather Forecast

Middle East region weather forecast...

  • Show forecast for:
    25 July 2017, 09:31
    Mostly sunny
    Mostly sunny
    7 km/h
    real feel: 26°C
    current pressure: 1010 mb
    humidity: 62%
    wind speed: 7 km/h NNW
    wind gusts: 11 km/h
    sunrise: 05:50
    sunset: 19:40
    More forecast...